Remove the cover and raise the heat to medium high. Add the sherry vinegar, brown sugar, sea salt, onion powder, and black pepper and stir to coat the Brussels sprouts in the mixture. Allow them to cook until they start turning a slightly olive shade of green, about 15 minutes, stirring every 5 minutes. Add the onions and the bacon bits to the pan and continue cooking until the onions are a deep rich gold and the Brussels sprouts are a deep olive green, about 10 minutes. Remove from heat, toss with the fresh thyme, and serve.